Operant conditioning (also called instrumental conditioning) is a learning process through which the strength of a behavior is modified by reinforcement or punishment it is also a procedure that is used to bring about such learning. It's important to note that classical conditioning involves placing a neutral signal before a naturally occurring reflex in pavlov's classic experiment with dogs, the neutral signal was the sound of a tone and the naturally occurring reflex was salivating in response to food. Classical conditioning was the first type of learning to be discovered and studied within the behaviorist tradition (hence the name classical) the major theorist in the development of classical conditioning is ivan pavlov, a russian scientist trained in biology and medicine (as was his contemporary, sigmund freud.
Classical conditioning definition is - conditioning in which the conditioned stimulus (such as the sound of a bell) is paired with and precedes the unconditioned stimulus (such as the sight of food) until the conditioned stimulus alone is sufficient to elicit the response (such as salivation in a dog. Classical conditioning n psychology a learning process by which a subject comes to respond in a specific way to a previously neutral stimulus after the subject repeatedly encounters the neutral stimulus together with another stimulus that already elicits the response classical conditioning n (psychology) psychol the alteration in responding that.
Video: classical conditioning vs operant conditioning: differences and examples this lesson will compare classical conditioning and operant conditioning examples are provided and key terms. Classical conditioning (also known as pavlovian or respondent conditioning) refers to a learning procedure in which a biologically potent stimulus (eg food) is paired with a previously neutral stimulus (eg a bell) it also refers to the learning process that results from this pairing, through which the neutral stimulus comes to elicit a response (eg salivation) that is usually similar to the one elicited by the potent stimulus. For classical conditioning to be effective, the conditioned stimulus should occur before the unconditioned stimulus, rather than after it, or during the same time thus, the conditioned stimulus acts as a type of signal or cue for the unconditioned stimulus.
Classical conditioning and operant conditioning are both important learning concepts that originated in behavioral psychology while these two types of conditioning share some similarities, it is important to understand some of the key differences in order to best determine which approach is best for certain learning situations.
Both classical conditioning and operant conditioning are processes that lead to learning classical conditioning pairs two stimuli, while operant conditioning pairs behavior and response the learning occurs before the response in classical conditioning and after the response in operant conditioning.
There are two forms of associative learning: classical conditioning (made famous by ivan pavlov’s experiments with dogs) and operant conditioning pavlov’s dogs in the early twentieth century, russian physiologist ivan pavlov did nobel prize-winning work on digestion .